What is Uterine Cancer Surgery?
Uterine cancer surgery, also known as hysterectomy, is a primary treatment option for women diagnosed with uterine cancer or endometrial cancer. The main goal of surgery is to remove the cancerous tumor from the uterus while ensuring that the surrounding tissues and nearby organs are also adequately addressed. Uterine cancer surgery is usually performed by a gynecologic oncologist, a specialist with expertise in treating gynecologic cancers.
Types of Uterine Cancer Surgery:
- Total Hysterectomy: This is the most common type of uterine cancer surgery. During a total hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the entire uterus, including the cervix. This procedure is often recommended for women with early-stage uterine cancer that is confined to the uterus.
- Total Hysterectomy with Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy: In addition to removing the uterus and cervix, a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy involves the removal of both fallopian tubes and ovaries. This procedure is commonly recommended for postmenopausal women or those with certain types of uterine cancer, as the ovaries produce hormones that can contribute to the growth of cancer cells.
- Radical Hysterectomy:- also known as Wertheim’s Hysterectomy is a more extensive surgical procedure reserved for cases where the uterine cancer has spread beyond the uterus into surrounding tissues or nearby lymph nodes. During a radical hysterectomy, the surgeon removes the uterus, cervix, part of the vagina, and surrounding tissues, as well as the pelvic lymph nodes.
- Lymphadenectomy: In many cases, the surgeon will also perform a lymphadenectomy or lymph node dissection to remove nearby lymph nodes and assess whether the cancer has spread. This information is crucial for determining the stage of the cancer and guiding further treatment decisions.
Minimally Invasive Uterine Cancer Surgery:
In recent years, advancements in surgical techniques have led to the use of minimally invasive procedures for uterine cancer surgery, such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgery. These approaches involve smaller incisions, reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stays, and faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery. Minimally invasive surgery can be an option for some women with early-stage uterine cancer, depending on factors such as tumor size and location
Recovery and Follow-Up Care:
Recovery from uterine cancer surgery varies depending on the type of procedure performed, the woman’s overall health, and the extent of the disease. Most women can expect some pain and discomfort after surgery, which can be managed with pain medications. Hospital stays following surgery can range from a few days to a week, depending on the extent of the surgery.
After surgery, women are advised to take it easy and gradually resume their normal activities. Walking and light exercises may be recommended to aid in recovery and reduce the risk of blood clots.
Following the surgery, regular follow-up appointments with the gynecologic oncologist are essential to monitor the patient’s progress and address any potential complications. In some cases, additional treatments such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be recommended after surgery to further target any remaining cancer cells or reduce the risk of recurrence.
Like all surgical procedures, uterine cancer surgery carries certain risks and potential complications, including:
- Infection: Surgical site infections or infections of the urinary or reproductive tracts may occur.
- Blood Clots: There is a risk of developing blood clots, especially after major surgery. These can potentially lead to more serious conditions, such as pulmonary embolism.
- Damage to Surrounding Organs: Depending on the extent of the surgery, there is a slight risk of damage to nearby organs, such as the bladder or intestines.
- Vaginal Shortening or Narrowing: After surgery, some women may experience vaginal shortening or narrowing, which can be managed with vaginal dilators or other therapies.
- Early Menopause: Women who undergo a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy may experience early menopause due to the removal of the ovaries.
It’s important for patients to discuss the potential risks and benefits of uterine cancer surgery with their healthcare team, and to be informed about the surgical approach and expected outcomes.
Uterine cancer surgery is a primary treatment option for women with uterine or endometrial cancer. The type of surgery recommended depends on factors such as the stage of cancer, tumor size, and the patient’s overall health. Advances in surgical techniques, including minimally invasive approaches, have improved surgical outcomes and reduced recovery times for many patients. Following surgery, regular follow-up care and ongoing surveillance are critical to monitor the patient’s progress and detect any signs of cancer recurrence early. Women with uterine cancer should work closely with their gynecologic oncologist and healthcare team to develop a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to their individual needs.
Uterine Cancer Surgery Clinics:
We provide the best healthcare facilities for Uterine Cancer Surgery. Our multispeciality clinics are situated in the following locations:
Our Centre's for Uterine Cancer Surgery
One can visit any of our branches nearby to your location for the best overall healthcare and Uterine Cancer Surgery. Our experts not only provide superior quality care using the latest technologies but also provide complete treatment along with rehabilitation facilities and post-operative care.