What is Cavity Filling?

Cavity filling, also known as dental restoration, is a common dental procedure used to treat tooth decay or cavities. Cavities are areas of damage on the surface of the teeth caused by bacterial activity and acid erosion. Filling the cavity helps restore the tooth’s structure, prevents further decay, and improves oral health. This article will discuss the cavity-filling procedure, different materials, and essential aftercare to maintain a healthy smile.

Cavity Filling Procedure:

The process of cavity filling typically involves the following steps:

  1. Numbing the Area: Before starting the procedure, the dentist will administer a local anesthetic near the affected tooth to ensure a pain-free experience.
  2. Removing the Decay: Using a dental drill or laser, the dentist will remove the decayed portion of the tooth, creating a clean and healthy surface for the filling.
  3. Tooth Preparation: The dentist will shape the cavity by removing any remaining debris and rough edges to ensure proper adhesion of the filling material.
  4. Filling Material Placement: There are different types of filling materials available (discussed below). The chosen material is placed in layers into the prepared cavity and shaped to match the natural contour of the tooth.
  5. Curing the Filling: If the chosen filling material is a composite resin, it will be hardened using a special curing light. This process ensures that the filling material bonds securely to the tooth.
  6. Final Adjustments: After the filling material hardens, the dentist will make necessary adjustments to the shape and bite to ensure comfort and proper alignment with the opposing teeth.

Types of Filling Materials:

  1. Amalgam Fillings: Amalgam fillings are made from a mixture of metals, including silver, mercury, tin, and copper. They are highly durable and often used for large cavities in the back teeth. However, their silver color makes them more visible, which can be a concern for some patients.
  2. Composite Resin Fillings: Composite resin fillings are tooth-colored and blend seamlessly with natural teeth. They are made from a mixture of plastic and glass materials. Although they are less durable than amalgam fillings, composite resin fillings are suitable for visible areas of the mouth and smaller cavities.
  3. Ceramic Fillings: Ceramic fillings, also known as inlays or onlays, are custom-made restorations created in a dental laboratory. They are made from porcelain or ceramic materials, providing excellent aesthetics and durability. Ceramic fillings are often used for larger cavities or when a more natural appearance is desired.

Aftercare for Cavity Fillings:

After getting a cavity filled, it is essential to follow these aftercare guidelines:

  1. Maintain Good Oral Hygiene: Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily to remove plaque and food particles. Use fluoridated toothpaste to strengthen tooth enamel and prevent further decay.
  2. Avoid Sticky or Hard Foods: For the first 24 hours after the procedure, avoid consuming sticky or hard foods that can dislodge or damage the filling. Opt for soft foods and chew on the opposite side of the mouth.
  3. Sensitivity and Discomfort: It is common to experience mild sensitivity or discomfort in the treated tooth for a few days after the filling. Over-the-counter pain relievers can help alleviate any discomfort. However, if the pain persists or worsens, consult your dentist.
  4. Regular Dental Check-ups: Attend regular dental check-ups to ensure the filling remains intact and the tooth is healthy. Your dentist will monitor the filling’s condition and address any concerns promptly.
  5. Avoid Teeth Grinding: If you have a habit of grinding or clenching your teeth, consider using a mouthguard at night to protect your teeth and fillings from excessive force.


Cavity filling is a common dental procedure used to treat tooth decay and restore tooth structure. The procedure involves removing decayed areas and filling them with appropriate materials. Amalgam, composite resin, and ceramic fillings are commonly used, each with its own advantages and considerations. After getting a cavity filled, practicing good oral hygiene, avoiding hard or sticky foods, and attending regular dental check-ups are crucial for maintaining oral health and the longevity of the filling. Consult with your dentist to determine the most suitable filling material and for personalized aftercare instructions.

Cavity Filling Clinic:

We provide the best healthcare facilities for Cavity filling. Our multispecialty clinics are situated in the following locations:

Our Main Centre for Cavity Filling Treatment in Dadar, Mumbai

Our Centre’s for Cavity Filling

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Byculla Branch

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Marine Lines Branch

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Dadar Branch

One can visit any of our branches that are nearby to your location for the best overall healthcare treatment of Cavity Filling. Our experts not only provide superior quality care using the latest technologies but also provide complete treatment along with rehabilitation facilities and post-operative care.