Thyroid cancer surgery is a common and effective treatment option for individuals diagnosed with thyroid cancer. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck, responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism. Thyroid cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the thyroid gland grow and multiply uncontrollably, forming a tumor.

The main goals of thyroid cancer surgery are to remove the cancerous tissue and, if possible, to prevent the cancer from spreading further. The extent of the surgery depends on various factors, including the type and stage of thyroid cancer, the size and location of the tumor, and the patient’s overall health.

Types of Thyroid Cancer Surgery

  1. Total Thyroidectomy: This procedure involves the complete removal of the thyroid gland. Total thyroidectomy is the most common surgery for most types of thyroid cancer, as it ensures complete removal of the tumor and reduces the risk of cancer recurrence.
  2. Hemithyroidectomy: In some cases, when the cancer is small and confined to one lobe of the thyroid gland, only that lobe is removed. This procedure is known as a hemithyroidectomy and is typically performed for certain types of early-stage thyroid cancer.
  3. Near-Total Thyroidectomy: In specific situations where there are concerns about “cancer spreading to the contralateral lobe or when a patient is at high risk for surgical complications, a near-total thyroidectomy may be performed, leaving a small portion of the thyroid gland intact

Lymph Node Dissection:

During thyroid cancer surgery, the surgeon may also perform a lymph node dissection, especially if there is evidence that the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes. Lymph nodes in the neck are carefully removed and examined to determine if they contain cancer cells. This step is crucial for accurate staging and helps guide further treatment decisions.

Intraoperative Nerve Monitoring:

Since the thyroid gland is located close to important structures in the neck, such as the recurrent laryngeal nerves responsible for vocal cord function, intraoperative nerve monitoring may be employed. This technique helps to identify and preserve these nerves during surgery, reducing the risk of complications like voice changes or swallowing difficulties.

Thyroid Hormone Replacement Therapy:

After a total thyroidectomy, as the entire thyroid gland is removed, the patient will need to take thyroid hormone replacement therapy for the rest of their life. This therapy ensures the body receives the necessary thyroid hormones to maintain normal metabolism and overall health.

Post-Surgery Follow-up and Treatment:

Following thyroid cancer surgery, regular follow-up visits with the medical team are essential to monitor the patient’s recovery and assess for any signs of cancer recurrence. Depending on the specific type and stage of thyroid cancer, further treatments such as radioactive iodine therapy or thyroid hormone suppression therapy may be recommended to reduce the risk of recurrence and manage any remaining thyroid tissue.

Potential Complications:

Like any surgical procedure, thyroid cancer surgery carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding structures. However, the risks are generally low, and the procedure is considered safe when performed by experienced surgeons.


Thyroid cancer surgery is a standard and effective treatment option for individuals diagnosed with thyroid cancer. The specific surgical approach depends on the type and stage of the cancer, as well as individual patient factors. The surgery aims to remove the cancerous tissue and prevent further spread while preserving essential structures and functions in the neck. Regular follow-up and appropriate post-surgery treatments play a crucial role in monitoring for recurrence and providing comprehensive care for patients with thyroid cancer.

Our Main Centre for Thyroid Cancer Surgery Treatment in Dadar, Mumbai

Our Centres for Thyroid Cancer Surgery Treatment

Sarvasva Health Map Logo

Byculla Branch

Sarvasva Health Map Logo

Marine Lines Branch

Sarvasva Health Map Logo

Dadar Branch

One can visit any of our branches nearby to your location for the best overall healthcare treatment of Thyroid Cancer Surgery. Our experts not only provide superior quality care using the latest technologies but also provide complete treatment along with rehabilitation facilities and post-operative care.