What is Stomach Cancer Surgery?
Stomach cancer surgery is a crucial treatment option for individuals diagnosed with cancer in the stomach, also known as gastric cancer. Stomach cancer is a significant global health concern, and surgery plays a central role in the management of localized or early-stage disease. The primary goals of stomach cancer surgery are to remove the cancerous tissue, resect nearby lymph nodes for staging, and potentially reconstruct the digestive tract to restore its function. In this comprehensive overview, we will discuss stomach cancer surgery, its goals, techniques, considerations, and potential outcomes.
Types of Stomach Cancer Surgery:
- Subtotal Gastrectomy: In cases where the cancer is limited to a specific portion of the stomach, a subtotal gastrectomy may be performed. During this surgery, the affected portion of the stomach, along with nearby lymph nodes, is removed. The remaining healthy portion of the stomach is then reconnected to the small intestine to preserve digestive function.
- Total Gastrectomy: For more advanced cases or when the cancer affects the entire stomach, a total gastrectomy is performed. This surgery involves the complete removal of the stomach. The esophagus is then connected directly to the small intestine or a portion of the esophagus is used to create a new stomach-like pouch (esophagogastrostomy or Roux-en-Y esophagojejunostomy) to allow for food intake and digestion.
- Lymph Node Dissection: During stomach cancer surgery, the surgeon will perform a lymph node dissection to remove and examine nearby lymph nodes to determine the extent of cancer spread and for accurate staging.
Minimally Invasive Surgery:
In recent years, minimally invasive techniques such as laparoscopy or robotic-assisted surgery have been increasingly used for stomach cancer surgery. These approaches involve making small incisions and using specialized instruments and a camera to remove the cancerous tissue and perform the reconstruction. Minimally invasive surgery may result in shorter hospital stays, less postoperative pain, and quicker recovery times compared to traditional open surgery.
Considerations for Surgery:
Stomach cancer surgery is a major procedure that requires careful consideration of several factors, including the patient’s overall health, the stage and location of the cancer, and the patient’s ability to tolerate the surgery and potential post-surgery complications.
In some cases, stomach cancer surgery may be preceded or followed by adjuvant therapies, such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy, to target any remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence.
As with any major surgery, stomach cancer surgery carries potential risks and complications, including bleeding, infection, leakage at the anastomosis site, and digestive problems. However, with experienced surgeons and specialized surgical centers, the risk of complications is minimized.
Recovery after stomach cancer surgery can be challenging, and patients may initially experience difficulties with eating and digestion. Nutritional support and rehabilitation are crucial aspects of post-surgery care to help patients regain their ability to eat and maintain their nutritional status.
Psychological and Emotional Support:
A cancer diagnosis and the prospect of undergoing major surgery can be emotionally challenging for patients and their families. Access to psychological support and counseling services is essential to help individuals cope with the emotional impact of their diagnosis and treatment.
Regular follow-up visits with the medical team are crucial to monitor the patient’s recovery, assess digestive function, and detect any signs of cancer recurrence. Ongoing support and surveillance play vital roles in detecting potential complications and ensuring the best possible outcome for patients after stomach cancer surgery.
In cases where the cancer is advanced and not amenable to curative surgery, palliative surgery may be considered to alleviate symptoms, improve quality of life, and provide relief from obstructive symptoms.
Stomach cancer surgery is a critical treatment option for localized or early-stage stomach cancer. The primary goal is to achieve complete tumor removal and, if possible, reconstruct the digestive tract to restore its function. Different surgical techniques, including minimally invasive approaches, may be used depending on the stage and location of the cancer. Adjuvant therapies, post-surgery recovery, and long-term follow-up are essential components of the comprehensive care provided to patients undergoing stomach cancer surgery. A multidisciplinary approach involving surgeons, oncologists, nutritionists, and support services is crucial in managing stomach cancer effectively. Advances in surgical techniques, adjuvant therapies, and supportive care continue to improve outcomes and quality of life for individuals affected by this challenging disease.
Stomach Cancer Clinic:
We provide the best healthcare facilities for Stomach Cancer patients. Our multispeciality clinics are situated in the following locations:
Our Centre's for Stomach Cancer Clinic:
One can visit any of our branches that are nearby to your location for the best full-mouth rehabilitation. Our experts not only provide superior quality care using the latest technologies but also provide complete treatment along with rehabilitation facilities and post-operative care.