What is Esophageal Cancer Surgery?

Esophageal cancer surgery is a treatment option for individuals diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus, the muscular tube that connects the throat to the stomach. Esophageal cancer is a serious condition that requires prompt and comprehensive management. Surgery plays a significant role in treating localized or early-stage esophageal cancer. The main goals of esophageal cancer surgery are to remove the cancerous tissue and, if possible, restore the continuity of the esophagus to allow for the passage of food and liquids. In this comprehensive overview, we will discuss esophageal cancer surgery, its goals, techniques, considerations, and potential outcomes.

Types of Esophageal Cancer Surgery:

  1. Esophagectomy: The most common surgical procedure for esophageal cancer is called esophagectomy. This surgery involves removing a portion of the esophagus affected by cancer, as well as nearby lymph nodes to assess if the cancer has spread. The remaining healthy esophagus is then reconnected to the stomach to restore continuity.
  2. Minimally Invasive Esophagectomy: In some cases, esophagectomy can be performed using minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy and thoracoscopy. These approaches involve making small incisions and using specialized instruments and a camera to remove the cancerous tissue. Minimally invasive esophagectomy may result in shorter hospital stays and quicker recovery times compared to traditional open surgery.
  3. Endoscopic Resection: For very early-stage esophageal cancers, endoscopic resection may be an option. This technique involves using an endoscope (a flexible tube with a camera) to remove small, localized tumors from the lining of the esophagus.

Lymph Node Dissection:

During esophageal cancer surgery, the surgeon will perform a lymph node dissection to remove and examine lymph nodes near the esophagus to determine if the cancer has spread. The extent of lymph node removal depends on the stage and location of the cancer.


After esophagectomy, the surgeon needs to reconstruct the gastrointestinal tract to allow for swallowing. The most common method is to connect the remaining esophagus to the stomach, either through a direct anastomosis or by using a segment of the stomach to form a new esophagus (gastric conduit).

Considerations for Surgery:

Esophageal cancer surgery is a major procedure that requires careful consideration of several factors, including the patient’s overall health, the stage and location of the cancer, and the patient’s ability to tolerate the surgery and potential post-surgery complications.

Potential Complications:

As with any major surgery, esophageal cancer surgery carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, leakage at the anastomosis site, and breathing difficulties. The risk of complications is higher for individuals with other medical conditions or advanced-stage cancer.

Preoperative Evaluation:

Before surgery, comprehensive preoperative evaluation is essential to assess the extent of the cancer and the patient’s overall health. This evaluation may include imaging studies such as CT scans, PET scans, and endoscopic ultrasound to stage the cancer accurately.

Adjuvant Therapies:

In some cases, esophageal cancer surgery may be preceded or followed by adjuvant therapies, such as radiation therapy and chemotherapy, to target any remaining cancer cells and reduce the risk of recurrence.

Post-Surgery Recovery:

Recovery after esophageal cancer surgery can be challenging, and patients may initially experience difficulties with swallowing and eating. Nutritional support and rehabilitation are crucial aspects of post-surgery care to help patients regain their ability to eat and maintain their nutritional status.

Psychological and Emotional Support:

A cancer diagnosis and the prospect of undergoing major surgery can be emotionally challenging for patients and their families. Access to psychological support and counseling services is essential to help individuals cope with the emotional impact of their diagnosis and treatment.

Long-term Follow-up:

Regular follow-up visits with the medical team are crucial to monitor the patient’s recovery, assess swallowing function, and detect any signs of cancer recurrence. Ongoing support and surveillance play vital roles in detecting potential complications and ensuring the best possible outcome for patients after esophageal cancer surgery.


Esophageal cancer surgery is a critical treatment option for localized or early-stage esophageal cancer. The primary goal is to achieve complete tumor removal and restore the continuity of the esophagus to allow for the passage of food and liquids. Different surgical techniques, including minimally invasive approaches, may be used depending on the stage and location of the cancer. Adjuvant therapies, post-surgery recovery, and long-term follow-up are essential components of the comprehensive care provided to patients undergoing esophageal cancer surgery. A multidisciplinary approach involving surgeons, oncologists, nutritionists, and support services is crucial in managing esophageal cancer effectively. Advances in surgical techniques and supportive care continue to improve outcomes and quality of life for individuals affected by this challenging disease.

Esophageal Cancer Surgery Clinic:

We provide the best healthcare facilities for Esophageal Cancer patients. Our multispecialty clinics are situated in the following locations:

Our Centre's for Esophageal Cancer Surgery


Byculla Branch


Marine Lines Branch


Dadar Branch

One can visit any of our branches that are nearby to your location for the best overall healthcare treatment of Esophageal Cancer. Our experts not only provide superior quality care using latest technologies but also provide complete treatment along with rehabilitation facilities and post-operative care.